These are all of the Law Enforcement and Corrections bills proposed in the 2018 session. Each bill has its own bill number, please use your browser search feature to find the bill you are interested in. Return to the Colorado home page to pick a different bill category.

None of the text is the opinion of Engage. Each bill's description, pros, and cons are our best effort at describing what each bill does, arguments for, and arguments against the bill. If you believe we are missing something, please contact us with your suggestion. Some of these bills have the notation that they have been sent to the chamber's "kill" committee. This means that the leadership has decided to send the bill to the State committee even though it does not belong there based on its subject matter. This committee, in both chambers, is stacked with members from "safe" districts and the idea is to kill the bill without forcing any less safe members to take a hard vote. It is possible for a bill to survive the kill committee, but it is very rare.

Each bill has been given a "magnitude" category: Major, Medium and Minor. This is a combination of the change the bill would create and the "controversy" level of the bill. Some minor bills that are extending current programs would be major changes if they were introducing something new, but the entire goal here is to allow you to better curate your time. Something uncontroversial likely to pass nearly unanimously that continues a past program may not be worth your time (and please remember, you can still read all of the minor bills!).

HB18-1055: Increase Surcharge for Court Security Cash Fund

Increases surcharge on a variety of docket and filing fees in the legal system from $5 to $10 for court security. The additional $5 will go directly to the court that assessed the surcharge (currently all money goes into the general account and is distributed from there).



This bill eliminates the need for the state to subsidize security and more accurately distributes the funds to the courts that are more active. The increase is small and should not affect anyone’s ability to use the court system.


This change may have the unintended effect of encouraging more actions within a court system that will require application of the fee. We have seen multiple examples of law enforcement and court systems funding themselves by fleecing the community. Current law protects against this risk by not directly rewarding the court that collected the fee.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1055

HB18-1058: Financial Assistance for County Jails and Courts

From County Courthouse and County Jail Funding and Overcrowding Solutions Committee. Add jails to the underfunded courthouse facility fund and allows grants to be issued up to 50% of a county’s annual voter-approved debt service on any county approved financing of construction or remodeling of facilities. Also creates a low interest loan program for construction or remodeling of facilities.


While the ultimate responsibility for these facilities falls to local governments, failures here affect all of us. The omission of jails from the original fund was an error, jails and courts go together and a failure in funding for one affects both. The additional state funds available in grants and loans will help local governments get a better handle on this situation.


This takes $30 million dollars from the state’s general fund and puts it toward projects that local governments are supposed to pay for. It is not fair for residents who live in a county that has taken care of its responsibilities to have to pay for other counties that have not.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1058

HB18-1061: No Encryption of Dispatch Radio Communications

Requires all state and local government entities to broadcast dispatch radio without encryption so it can be monitored by commercially available radios except for tactical or investigative communications in certain circumstances. Furthermore, the government must make its broadcast channels publicly available and indicate which ones are encrypted. The bill adds a 3 degree misdemeanor crime for monitoring radio communications for criminal purposes.



Historically these types of radio communications have been available to the public, and the news media in particular has relied on them for reporting leads. Advances in technology have eroded this setup. The government should function in an open manner whenever possible and this bill protects against legitimate needs to encrypt communications.


Technology cuts both ways. You can now download free scanner apps on your phone, and the Pueblo police cited specific examples of criminals using apps to evade police in vehicular pursuits and avoid officers altogether when it announced it was encrypting its radio communications last year. Pueblo is sharing its codes with media, so it is possible to create a law that allows media to perform its duties without giving criminals the keys to the store. The exceptions in the bill are simply inadequate for day-to-day police operations.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1061

HB18-1076: Peace Officers Standards and Training Board Revoke Certification for Untruthful Statement

Requires the police officer board to revoke certification if the officer made an untruthful statement or omitted a material fact on an official document or while testifying at on official judicial proceeding or during an internal affairs investigation and the board completes a determinative administrative process verifying the falsehood or omission.


Too often law enforcement looks after its own behind the “blue wall” which can lead to bad cops avoiding punishment or even detection for falsifying paperwork or lying under oath, acts that are frequently done to cover up other misdeeds. This bill creates a process to rectify this situation.


This ties the hands of disciplinary boards and forces a one-size fits all punishment, something we as a society are trying to move away from when it comes to sentencing criminals, the people police officers work so hard to keep from harming us. One small error should not be treated the same as an elaborate lie.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1076

HB18-1110: Colorado Constitutional Right

Prohibits state or state agencies or any employee acting in an official capacity from assisting or aiding a federal agency in arresting a Colorado citizen or person lawfully present in Colorado from engaging in an act that is a Colorado constitutional right or violating the Colorado constitutional right of a Colorado citizen or person lawfully present in the state.



This prevents state agencies from aiding the federal government in any attempt to crackdown on marijuana usage in the state. Given the noises coming out of the Attorney General’s office, this may be needed now to prevent Colorado citizens from being unable to exercise their rights.


The constitution is very clear: federal law trumps state law. Over and over again states have tried to ignore or nullify federal laws and over and over again we’ve come to the same conclusion: this is not allowed in our constitutional system. So this bill won’t stand up to any sort of judicial scrutiny.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1110

HB18-1184: Create Next Generation 911 Board

Creates a board to lead the planning and implementation of a sustainable next generation 911 service. The board can accept gifts, grants, and donations to accomplish this, and there are federal grants available.


Next generation 911 is a critical upgrade needed to create a faster, more flexible, resilient, and scalable service to keep up with technologies used by the public.


This all sounds great, but the reality is that the infrastructure needed to make this system work just isn't there yet. Wireless carriers haven't made the needed changes to their systems. And all of this is going to cost a lot of money in systems upgrades. Let's not have Colorado bear the brunt of being an earlier adopter.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on HB18-1184

SB18-014: Department Of Corrections Disclose Location of Out-of-State Inmate

Requires the Department of Corrections to notify both the prosecuting attorney and any registered victim if an inmate is transferred to another state within 48 hours of the relocation and provide the name and location of the facility. This requirement would not apply if the inmate is a witness and the department determines the notification would present a safety risk, if the prosecuting attorney requests in writing that no disclosure be made, if the victim is currently incarcerated, or if the inmate has been employed by the department or by law enforcement and disclosure would present a safety risk. If any of these factors apply the department must still notify the prosecutor within 48 hours, but only that a relocation has been made. If the prosecuting attorney disagrees with the department, the department must disclose the location to any registered victims.



Victims have a right to know where those who have harmed them are residing. This bill puts in appropriate safeguards to create a process where victims stay informed.


This bill adds a lot of red tape for a process that isn’t changing the material fact that an inmate is in jail where they cannot harm the victim. It also gives prosecutors too much power, in effect they determine safety concerns not the Department of Corrections which is better suited for making these decisions.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on SB18-014

SB18-059: Public Safety Information-Sharing System

Creates a $1.9 million grant program to create and operate a law enforcement information sharing system. Money comes from the marijuana tax fund.


Each law enforcement agency in the state often has its own independent records-management system which makes it extremely difficult for them to share information which leads to lower law enforcement performance. Putting all agencies onto the same system is not a practical solution and would cost far more to implement. This bill creates the structure to build a practical system to address this problem.


Information sharing is an extremely difficult task, the state would be better off moving all law enforcement agencies into the same system rather than trying to make a bunch of different systems able to communicate with each other, even if it costs more.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on SB18-059

SB18-116: Capitol Identification Card

Creates an ID card members of the public can get for a $250 fee which allows them to access the capitol building, state services building, or legislative services building without submitting to a security search. The application requires passing a fingerprint-based criminal history check and the state patrol (which handles security at the capitol) may deny any request regardless of the results of the criminal history check. All cards are valid for two years.


This streamlines getting in and out of the capitol building. Much like we use TSA precheck for airlines, this allows people to get extra screening once so they are then valid every time they enter the capitol.


We’ve seen too many cases of violence from individuals who did not have a prior criminal history to skip over checking people for bombs and weapons when entering the capitol and other legislative areas. Unfortunately our elected officials are prime targets. We don’t need to make security laxer.

How Should Your Representatives Vote on SB18-116